Photographer: Afshin Azarian
Title: Municipal waste and environmental pollution
Location: Isfahan /Iran
Period: 12/2020 - 12/2020
Category: Environment

In the name of God
Nowadays, the problem of municipal waste and environmental pollution is not a limited issue and is specific to a particular country, and almost all countries in the world are affected by this problem. Through the responsible and unsustainable development of technology, humans generate large amounts of waste, endangering their own lives and those of other creatures on Earth.
Even the destructive effects of waste pollution in a country do not remain within its borders and can be easily transmitted to neighboring countries or other parts of the world. For example, through air flows and even animals - especially birds.
Among the wildlife, birds are among the creatures that have been severely reduced by human waste and extinct with painful death. All types of waste enter nature intentionally or unintentionally without proper collection, burial and recycling can be scattered thousands of kilometres away. The sense of smell in waterfowl and shorebirds is underdeveloped during the evolutionary process, and a very emerging plastic phenomenon in the history of Earth's life is unfamiliar to them. Because of this, these birds confuse and swallow bottle caps floating in water and other colored plastics with food. These substances remain in the stomachs of many species, as well as immature birds that are not capable of ruminating and are not digested, and gradually fill the stomach volume until the bird dies of gradual starvation. According to the latest reports, the stomachs of more than 90% of seabirds worldwide now contain a percentage of plastic, and one million seabirds die each year from eating plastic due to starvation, gastrointestinal obstruction, poisoning or internal injury. Birds can easily die. They carry very dangerous pollutants and no control can be done on their movement.
In most developed countries, municipal waste is used properly and it is called "dirty gold" because it is used instead of chemical fertilizers by recycling and composting, and it has a high added value. Of course, waste can be one of the most important sources of soil and environmental pollution if stored improperly:
- Their toxic leach ate penetrates into the ground and contaminates groundwater sources.
- The unpleasant smell of garbage spreads for kilometres and is very annoying, and this issue is especially evident in the summer.
Microbial waste particles are emitted by wind, air currents, birds and other animals.
Toxins enter the meat of birds and when they are eaten by humans, dangerous diseases enter the life cycle. (It is noteworthy that a large number of these birds are hunted by hunters every year and their meat enters the consumer market.)
The most common birds in this area are starlings, pigeons and sparrows, whose meat is sold in the market. Other birds available are crows, eagles, and seagulls.
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Several years ago, when the municipality of Isfahan allocated an area for the accumulation of garbage in this metropolis, both the volume of garbage in the city was not that much and the rate of expansion of the city was much less than the current amount. But with the enormous increase in population in recent years, both the size of the city of Isfahan has greatly increased - the distance from residential areas to this area has been greatly reduced - and the production of waste is much higher than previously predicted, which has many environmental problems has arisen.
Avian Influenza an infection caused by influenza A viruses that, in addition to infecting different species of birds, can also infect humans. A new strain of the virus has come to the country from migratory birds. Officials regularly warn against contact with wild birds, but few take this issue seriously.
The cause of premature death of some birds, especially birds of prey in the country is the reduction of prey in wildlife and as a result of changing their eating habits. By reducing natural feed and replacing unnatural prey such as garbage, we are witnessing a change in the eating habits of birds and the death of some birds in the country.
The main causes of suspected bird deaths are influenza, which causes death for various reasons, but it should be noted that organizing the landfill and their proper management will protect the health of birds, because sometimes there is land-filling and dumping of garbage in forbidden places and habitats of these birds.



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-These are the fences of the garbage collection and compost production site of Isfahan in Iran Hungry birds are waiting for the opportunity to invade the garbage dump

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-Trucks enter the site yard New shipments of city wastes are constantly arriving

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-Garbage trucks are looking for a place to dump garbage but it looks too hard to find a place

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-Throughout the day one after another garbage trucks enter the yard and dump their garbage The large amount of air pollution in this area is quite clear

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-A large variety of birds feed on these wastes many of their meats unfortunately enter our food cycle as humans

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- The garbage must be regularly turned and mixed by special machines to turn it into compost This causes the scattering of polluted vapors and dust in the air

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- Eagles are at the top of the food chain in the region which unfortunately have also been affected by this food contamination Most of these birds live here all their lives They born grow up mate and eventually die here It seems that their world is limited to this region

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-In the midst of all this ugliness and pollution the coordinated movements of the starlings have their own beauty Infected birds easily cross the borders of cities and countries and carry the infection to other areas